150 words each one citation and references
The management of non-acute cardiopulmonary issues starts with impacting knowledge through health education. rehospitalization can be reduced by improving core discharge planning and transition processes out of the hospital; improving transitions and care coordination at the interfaces between care settings; and enhancing coaching, education, and support for patient self-management. (“Reduce Avoidable Readmissions,” 2019)
To encourage self-management, educate the patient on their health status and risk factors associated with their illness, providing access to appropriate sources of further information (e.g., reputable web sources, books, and media outlets), medication adherence their function and side effects to report and importance of follow up, provide referral to support groups or system, group therapy augmented with physician therapy, for counseling on behavior change e.g., smoking, healthy lifestyle. Engage patient’s family in patient care family (focused self‐care interventions) encourage use of technology with software apps, wearable devices- offer that help in receiving information and coaching to support self‐care, help self-monitoring of physical activity, heart rate, BP control, weight control, and smoking cessation. This device encourages awareness of how one’s body function and track their progress while motivating the patient to make life style changes. .(Riegel et al., 2017)
This resources empowers the people to care for themselves, they are engaged in their own health care because they are involved in making healthcare decisions that align with their goals for health and life
In this definition, self‐care is a process whereby individuals and their families maintain health through health‐promoting practices and managing illness which is fundamental to maintenance of health and prevention and management of chronic illness .(Riegel et al., 2017)
Reduce Avoidable Readmissions. (2019). Retrieved May 21, 2019, from Ihi.org website: http://www.ihi.org/Topics/Readmissions/Pages/default.aspx
Riegel, B., Moser, D. K., Buck, H. G., Dickson, V. V., Dunbar, S. B., Lee, C. S., … Webber, D. E. (2017). Self‐Care for the Prevention and Management of Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke. Journal of the American Heart Association, 6(9). https://doi.org/10.1161/jaha.117.006997
A patient has a diagnosis of nonacute cardiorespiratory issues, there are vital things the nurse should consider before provides teaching and resources to the patient. The nurse must first assess readiness and educational level to determine what resources would be acceptable for the patient. Patients and or family members should be provided with multiple means of resources such as written or web-based for self-education of their disease (Johnson, 2018). When providing resources, nurses must be knowledgeable of their cultural beliefs or spiritual preferences to provide adequate resources. Incorporating a patient’s spiritual or cultural needs supports the patient’s independence to make decisions for their care. Educate the patient on their ailment so that they can comply with medications, treatment, and rehabilitation. Provide the patients with nutritional education to promote health promotion a diet can consist of whole fruits and grains, lean proteins, or a variety of vegetables (Johnson, 2018). Avoiding tobacco products, get immunizations, and take the necessary medication (Johnson, 2018).
When the nurse, patient, and family collaborate on the plan care, the needs, goals, and strategies towards patient well-being, the cure is more achievable because both patient and family have acquired the knowledge for a better outcome patient’s health. When the patient is aware of the expected outcome, the patient is willing to work towards achieving that goal for a better tomorrow. On the other hand, when a patient is not aware of the outcome, he or she will not have the motivation to achieve any goal. When a patient is not aware that he or she needs to exercise due to a high cholesterol level, teaching will not occur. The patient should be taught the reason to modify behavior before learning can take place. All these measures will help reduce the chances of readmission. The goal for the individual with cardiorespiratory issues is to motivate and push them to be independent and return to baseline before they were sick. Reference:
Johnson, A. R. (2018). Cardiorespiratory Complexities. Retrieved from Grand Canyon University: https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs410v/pathophysiology-clinical-applications-for-client-health/v1.1/#/help
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